|"RETTET DIE NASHÖRNER" e.V.|
Kilian's project of preservation of the african black rhinos
"RETTET DIE NASHÖRNER" e.V.
c/o Kilian Hermann
Telefon +49 / 89 / 6 09 71 62
Fax +49 / 89 / 66 56 08 52
Who is ZGF?
(Zoologische Gesellschaft Frankfurt)
(= FZS Frankfurt Zoological Society)
The Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS) was founded in 1858 to build and run a Zoological Garden in Frankfurt, Germany. After the Second World War, Professor Bernhard Grzimek became the Zoo Director and President of FZS. During the early 1950's, Dr. Grzimek and his son Michael travelled to the then Tanganyika and began a new phase in FZS development. Their landmark studies in the Serengeti National Park provided the first numerical estimates of the now famous migratory wildebeest, zebras and other animals.
During the course of their work, the Grzimeks produced the famous book and film "Serengeti Shall Not Die" which demonstrated to people all over the world the urgent need for international nature conservation. The book and film were translated into all major languages, and are today seen as classic works in nature conservation. At the time of the Grzimeks' first trips to Tanganyika, parks were being produced largely to preserve attractive scenery and vacation spots. The Grzimeks real accomplishment was to work for the far-sighted goal of preserving not only places, but entire, functioning ecosystems.
Dr. Bernhard Grzimek throughout his leadership at Frankfurt Zoological Society not only raised funds through his famous television series in Germany "A Place for Wild Animals", but expanded the activities of FZS within Tanzania and around the world and continued to lobby government to make conservation a priority. Through his work with the Tanzanian Government he became friends with President Dr. Julius Nyerere. As Tanzania grew after independence and made such landmark decisions as Dr. Nyerere's Environmental Section of the Arusha Declaration, Frankfurt Zoological Society was there, advocating conservation and financially supporting the commitments that Tanzanians made to their natural heritage.
Today, Tanzania is among the most conservation-oriented country on earth. We at Frankfurt Zoological Society are extremely proud of the contribution that we have made towards Tanzanian environmental policy and our ongoing support of wild animals and places in Tanzania.
When Professor Grzimek died in 1987, he was buried beside the grave of his son on the rim of the Ngorongoro Crater. Dr. Richard Faust headed the organisation for 14 years. After his death, Dr Christof Schenck became the new Director of the Society. In the last years FZS has expanded its conservation activities to more than 80 projects in 20 countries on four continents. The Serengeti and Tanzania always were, and still are, the core of the Society's commitments.
What sets Frankfurt Zoological Society apart from other aid agencies is its long-term commitment to conservation in Tanzania. This is made possible, in part, through the proceeds generated from "Serengeti Shall not Die". The interest from this fund, along with private and government donations means that Frankfurt Zoological Society is able to undertake long term support of Tanzanian conservation activities; it is able to make promises and see them through. The Society provides infrastructure and equipment, operating costs, training of all levels of park employees, and educational outreach programmes for the Tanzanian public. FZS also funds research and zoological monitoring of Tanzania's wildlife.
Rhino Conservation in Tanzania
Historically, the Serengeti has been home to a population of approximately 1000 black rhinos that ranged from Ngorongorothrough Serengeti and north to the Maasai Mara. In the 1980s, however, poaching in the Serengeti National Park expandeddramatically and the rhino population was reduced until only two animals remained within the park boundaries. These tworhinos, both female, were resident in the area surrounding Moru Kopjes on the western edge of the Serengeti plains.
The Serengeti Rhino Conservation Project was conceived with four specific goals:
- to protect the remaining Serengeti rhinos
- to monitor the Serengeti rhinos
- to provide sound biological management to the Serengeti rhino population and
- to secure the Moru area for the introduction of additional rhinos.
As a first step an new ranger post was bulit in the Moru Kopjes and a new patrol system was established in the area.
Since the initiation of the Serengeti Rhino Conservation Project, the future of the Serengeti rhinos has brightenedconsiderably. In 1994, a new male originating from the Ngorongoro Crater joined our two remaining rhino females. He wasobviously on a mission, traveled across the Serengeti plains and found the only two females in a hundred kilometers. In the five years that followed, four calves have been born to these two females, bringing the total number of rhinos in the Serengeti to seven.Now, 2004 live there 12 Rhinos.
However, inbreeding is a serious problem for these rhinos. If we want the population to grow and remain healthy, new blood must be introduced. It is hoped that several rhinos from Kenya and from South Africa can be brought to Moru, tostock up and assure the future of this Serengeti core rhino population
Dr Markus Borner
Head, Africa Departement
Frankfurt Zoological Society
presently at FZS HQ in Frankfurt
Tel ++ 49 69 94 344 633
FZS International Activities
Dr. Christof Schenck, Director, Frankfurt Zoological Society
"On planet Earth there are no passengers - we are all crew."
From Germany to Ecuador, from Uganda to Vietnam - FZS is active in more than 25 different countries with more than 75 projects on four continents. From National Park support to re-introduction, from traditional land use to private owned conservation areas - many tools, methods and strategies are used to work for conservation. The overriding goal of all activities is the protection of our planet's biodiversity.
We have just passed the most destructive century for conservation. More species were lost and more habitats degraded than ever before. With extinction rates of up to 700 species a day we have now entered the sixth mass extinction on earth - but the first one based on the activity of one single species - man.
Since species do not know any boundaries international co-operation is the only chance to safeguard their future. Without the transfer of resources from the rich to poorer countries the biodiversity in the poorer areas will be lost. Putting conservation into action is the baseline for FZS' international involvement.
But naturally, FZS also maintains numerous national projects at home, in Germany. In a densely populated country like Germany, where 100 hectares are still paved over every day, conservation has to safeguard the last remaining natural spots. Wetlands rich in biodiversity are a focus area of FZS' European activities. Key land areas are bought to block development. These private conservation areas are strictly managed for ecological purposes only. The valley of the river Leine, the wetlands along the Werra River and forests in the Nature Park "Maerkische Schweiz" are good examples. Along the river Elbe FZS joined forces with NABU (one of the major conservation organisations in Germany) and the WWF to rescue hundreds of square kilometres of reparian landscapes.
In Eastern Germany FZS has just started with one of the most exciting projects in it's history (and one of the most expensive!). After the reunification of the country large areas of military training grounds where left behind by the Russian Army containing huge areas of nearly untouched lakes, marshes, dry lands and forests with an astonishing diversity of species and ecosystems. Together with the local government and partnership organisations, FZS established an endowment fund to purchase and manage these areas.
In Europe, after thousands of years of human settlement and cultivation, it is only in the past 50 years that the enormous intensity of agriculture has wiped out many species. Traditional land use techniques and modern management could combine economic use and species' protection. Traditional apple plantations, with their many bird species just a few kilometres from FZS' headquarter in Frankfurt is an example for such an attempt. Reactivation of traditional sheep migration in Spain and the use of old-fashioned types of cattle in Hungary's orchid grasslands are other projects along the same line.
The Bearded Vulture Project was started by FZS more than 25 years ago and covers five different countries. Three years ago, for the very first time in more than 100 years, free living Bearded Vultures raised their chicks successfully in the Alps.
In Brazil FZS finances a re-introduction project for the Golden Lion Tamarins. Other projects in Latin America support the protection of the Atlantic rainforest and marine turtles.
Furthermore, FZS' South American activities include management support programmes for several National Parks, most notably the Galapagos in Ecuador, as well as species and habitat protection (giant otters in Peru, South Andean deer in Chile, Utila iguana in Honduras).
In Asia FZS runs three long-term projects in Vietnam (Cuc Phuong National Park), Indonesia (Orang Utan re-introduction on Sumatra) and the Philippines (Hornbill bird protection program).
But the Society's heart still beats in Tanzania. A third of the yearly budget is invested in this country and more than half of all major FZS projects take place in East Africa.
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